Dry Eye Syndrome – Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Eyes are extremely sensitive to external factors and stimuli. If you don’t care for them the right way and protect them, you might end up with various conditions and diseases. The dry eye syndrome is one of the ailments. What causes it, what are the symptoms and what does treatment look like?
What is dry eye syndrome?
The dry eye syndrome comprises an array of disorders which result in the improper hydration of the eye surface and dryness of the ocular conjunctiva and cornea. The disorders are caused by the insufficient amount of tear film due to the underproduction of tears or tears evaporating too quickly, as well as the improper ingredients of the film.
Dry eye syndrome – causes
The causes of the occurrence of dry eyes include the following factors:
- spending lots of time in AC rooms;
- air pollution;
- long-term computer work;
- swimming in chlorinated water;
- using contact lenses;
- smoking cigarettes;
- autoimmune diseases;
- laser vision correction;
- hormonal contraception;
- a few days before your period;
Dry Eye Syndrome – symptoms
The most common symptoms of dry eye syndrome are:
- burning sensation, gritty eyes, eye fatigue;
- itchiness, eyes feeling dry, photophobia;
- slightly red eyes;
- serous fluid in conjunctival sac;
- blurred vision;
- difficulties while driving a car.
How to treat dry eye syndrome?
Diagnosis of dry eye syndrome involves running a few tests evaluating the tear film – its amount and quality. When it comes to the treatment, you have to focus on avoiding the factors that trigger the condition, using eye drops or taking medication soothing the inflammation.